Billy T. Lau, Christina Wood-Bouwens, and Hanlee P. Ji
Published : October 30, 2017
Journal : Analytical Chemistry
Digital PCR (dPCR) relies on the analysis of individual partitions to accurately quantify nucleic acid species. The most widely used analysis method requires manual clustering through individual visual inspection. Some automated analysis methods have emerged but do not robustly account for multiplexed targets, low target concentration, and assay noise. In this study, we describe an open source analysis software called Calico that uses “data gridding” to increase the sensitivity of clustering toward small clusters. Our workflow also generates quality score metrics in order to gauge and filter individual assay partitions by how well they were classified. We applied our analysis algorithm to multiplexed droplet-based digital PCR data sets in both EvaGreen and probes-based schemes, and targeted the oncogenic BRAF V600E and KRAS G12D mutations. We demonstrate an automated clustering sensitivity of down to 0.1% mutant fraction and filtering of artifactual assay partitions from low quality DNA samples. Overall, we demonstrate a vastly improved approach to analyzing ddPCR data that can be applied to clinical use, where automation and reproducibility are critical.